Global Peace, a Global Responsibility
In order to elaborate a long-term strategy to assure the global and regional peace, it is necessary for us to make an effort of understanding and anticipating the evolution or involution tendencies of the world we live in. The changes within the security environment can be understood only if take into account the changes within the nature of the international relations, the rules, the norms, the actors’ typology, the goals and the action mechanisms.
Our contemporary world can be characterized ad a uni-multipolar one, with an anarchic periphery. Within this context, even a super-power like the USA cannot act by itself, but only together with other powers. The West itself is multipolar and uneven. The Western multipolarism is generated by the domestic democracy and the one present within the international bodies and institutions it had created.
Every state security should adapt itself to the post-modern society. In our contemporary world, states can no longer be divided in blocks because the reactions following different interests lead to changing the alliances and the opposite parts due to different topics or subjects. On one hand, it is a reflex of the contemporary world democratization, but also of the governments’ pragmatism forced to respond to the needs of their own citizens.
Problems of the transition towards democracy, along with the separatism and the delay in consolidating the new independent states create, on their turn, risks directly connected to the states and governments political legitimacy that put under question mark the fighting capability against the institutionalized corruption, but also against mafia type cores which nourish the separatism idea and blocks the new states consolidation. Populism represents one of the threats to the democracy global model. Populism can lead to weakening the power and efficiency of the key democratic institutions, of the independency of justice, mass media and army. The elements along with the existing old frozen conflicts arouse concerns both about the dividing tendencies within the new independent states, but also about the terrorist elements transit to Europe, as well as about maintaining the backward mentalities generating attractiveness towards authoritarian administrative models.
Conflict prevention and post-conflict situations management require a more comprehensive perspective that would develop the complementarity of global or regional security bodies. A balanced vision should take into account the interests of different ethnical and religious communities, the states duties and their citizens’ natural rights, the conjunctural and long-term interests of the regional actors. It cannot be elaborated without involving representatives competent to express the voices plurality, questions and aspirations of billions of people.
Not understanding “the other’s” motivations have lead, during the time in our history, to adopting many mistaken foreign politics decisions, which triggered into conflicts or wars. That is why the „common values” objective seems to me today of such an importance for the new structure of the international relations. The shared common values have brought Western Europe stability after centuries of conflicts between France, Germany and Great Britain. After the fall of the Soviet Empire in 1989-1990, there were these countries, which have brought stability within the Central and Eastern Europe and, eventually after some conflicts, within the troubled Balkan area. Only a common values politics as a dialogue basis may bring the stability.
The civil society should become a laboratory where the security political culture is built through mutual trust, negotiation and cooperation. I believe there is a privileged place within this lab for the former presidents in charge during the transition period from the communist dictatorships to the statute of democratic states. Their civic experience as well as the one of reforming political leaders, using their mutual relationships and the prestige they have gained may play a role both in conflicts defusing, but also in re-conceiving a new peace strategy taking into account all the parties’ interests.